• Dry spell to hit crops

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    TASMANIAN croppers are facing average to below average yields, following a drier than normal growing season, a new report has predicted.

    Rural Bank’s 2015 National Crop Update has shown overall national grain production is expected to be slightly higher than last year – due to an increase in the production of legumes – while wheat production is forecast to grow by 3per cent and barley by 12 per cent.

    Canola production is predicted to fall by 14 per cent.

    The report provides predictions for the 2015 Tasmanian cropping season based on climatic conditions and reviews recent trends in grain prices and financial and export performance for wheat, barley, canola and other crops.

    Rural Bank Tasmanian relationship manager David Robertson, said the report provided farmers across the nation with valuable, up-to-date information which they could use to evaluate and contrast farm performance.

    “Growing season rainfall has been below average and much of Tasmania has experienced the driest October on record, with drought conditions in some parts,” Mr Robertson said.

    Irrigated crops are expected to have good yields with guaranteed full water allocations from Tasmanian Irrigation. Picture: Kelly Slater.

    “A lot of growers have resorted to cutting their cereal crops for hay.

    “Dryland crops are growing on surface soil moisture only with little subsoil reserve available, rainfall is now essential for these crops to progress.”

    But irrigated crops were expected to yield well, after Tasmanian Irrigation guaranteed full water allocations for summer.

    According to Rural Bank, Launceston’s Dean Lalor, dry winter conditions had allowed poppy ground to be prepared without hindrance, allowing premium sowing schedules.

    Some poppy seeds treated for mildew failed to germinate and had to be replanted.

    “As with much of the state, most poppies are experiencing dry conditions, relying on irrigation to achieve optimum growing conditions,” Mr Lalor said.

    Wheat, barley, canola and oat production is expected to be lower than last year.

    Despite lower production, local wheat prices appear to be slightly higher year-on-year which, if sustained, will offset lower production and maintain good grain receipts.

    And grain growers in the southern cropping region have been reminded to implement strategies and take precautions to reduce the risk of fires caused by machinery this harvest.

    A spate of harvester fires in recent years, combined with a dry, early finish to the 2015 cropping season, has heightened concerns about the potential fire risk this year.

    The Grains Research and Development Corporation’s Southern Regional Panel is urging growers and harvester operators to follow current industry best practice guidelines.

    Southern Regional Panel chairman Keith Pengilley said the panel was concerned about the higher-than-average number of fires that had occurred during harvest in South Australia – and to a lesser extent Victoria – over the past few years.

    “A number of these fires have started in pulse crops, particularly lentils, so extra precautions should be taken when preparing to harvest these crops,” Mr Pengilley said.

    “However, machinery failure is in many cases responsible for fires starting so it is critical that growers undertake harvester operation checks and regular maintenance leading up to and throughout harvest in an effort to reduce the risk of fire.”

    Kondinin Group research has revealed that, on average, about 7per cent of harvesters per year will start a fire.

    In these cases, one in 10 will cause significant damage to the machine or surrounding crop.

    Reports indicate, based on operator experience, that harvester fires may be reduced with improved harvester hygiene, maintenance and exhaust system shielding treatments, particularly in volatile crops.

    To view the 2015 National Crop Update report, visit 老站出售rural bank老域名出售备案老域名/national-crop-update.

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  • Fears insect pest could hit spud crops

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    THE threat of an invasion of a major insect pest of potatoes, the tomato/potato psyllid, into mainland Australia has increased after it was discovered on Norfolk Island in 2014.

    Researchers from the Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture are continuing a national surveillance project to monitor for incursions of the tomato/potato psyllid.

    TPP is responsible for carrying (vectoring) the bacteria Candidatus Liberibacter, which causes Zebra chip disease in potatoes, and can also have a devastating impact on other related crops, including tomatoes, capsicums, chillies, sweet potatoes and tamarillos.

    It has caused major crop losses in New Zealand since its discovery in 2006. Native to North and Central America, TPP was accidentally introduced into New Zealand, probably through the illegal importation of infested plant material.

    Robert Tegg inspects an insect trap at a Daly Gourmet Potatoes crop near Dunalley, Tasmania. Over the past growing season, 498 traps were placed in the field and no TPP were detected.

    It is feared that psyllids carrying the bacteria could also enter mainland Australia the same way, or be carried by strong easterly winds, which can occasionally blow from New Zealand.

    In 2014, the psyllid and the pathogen were found on Norfolk Island, about half-way between the east coast of Australia and New Zealand.

    This occurrence highlights the need to remain vigilant for its possible arrival on mainland Australia, particularly in Tasmania, where it could arrive first if blown across the Tasman Sea from New Zealand.

    In 2011, TIA initiated a three-year project to monitor for incursions of TPP in potato fields.

    The project, led by Associate Professor Calum Wilson and funded by processing potato companies and the Australian government, aimed to detect any early incursions of this pest by strategically placing insect traps in potato crops down the eastern seaboard of Australia, from Queensland to Tasmania.

    Native psyllid species could potentially spread the Liberibacter pathogen if it was to become established, and the project also aimed to gather base-line data on what native species of psyllids were present in potato fields.

    The project found no TPP present in Australian potatoes fields but several species of native psyllids were caught.

    None of these native psyllids was thought to feed on potatoes .

    In 2014, the project was extended for a further three years and modified to also count the number of major predatory insects which could potentially control TPP if it was to arrive in Australia.

    These potential predators include lacewings, ladybirds and hoverflies. Over the last growing season, 498 traps were placed in the field and no TPP were detected.

    However, more than 3800 native psyllids and 1200 beneficial insects were caught.

    Dr Paul Walker, an entomologist who assesses the traps, said “knowledge of what native predators are present in potato fields will be valuable should TPP arrive in Australia and sustainable management options are needed”.

    Simplot Australia research and development manager Frank Mulcahy says the project plays an important part in the national program to monitor and increase awareness of the insect and bacteria.

    “If TPP came to Australia, it could cause high yield losses for us and we would also be looking at major financial costs to control and manage the disease,” Mr Mulcahy said.

    “We need to be able to act swiftly to take all the necessary precautions and this ongoing monitoring puts us in a good position to do this effectively.”

    Growers and field officers are quite often the first line of defence against incursions of new pests so their vigilance in reporting unusual disease symptoms and new pests combined with this surveillance project are key tools in combating this important quarantine pest.

    For further information on TPP, Liberibacter and the monitoring project, visit the TIA web pages, utas.edu备案老域名/tia/centres/vegetables/monitoring-psyllids-and-psyllid-predators-in-australian-potato-crops.

    Any suspected cases of TPP or plants suffering from unusual disease or growth symptoms should be reported to DPIPWE immediately on its Exotic Plant Pest hotline: 1800 084 881.

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  • Cautious buying at Jamestown sale

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    After 68 years the Woolford family, Caralowie, Waddikee, had a complete flock dispersal at Jamestown market, topping the wether lamb portion at $91. Aileen and Geoff Woolford are with Landmark Kimba’s Damien Jericho. They also sold 450 ewe lambs to $89 and 117 4.5yo ewes at $90.WITH harvest underway in some areas, a small crowd of cautious buyers kept prices in check at the Jamestown market on Thursday, with young ewes reaching a top of $168.

    Despite the quality of the 20,000-head yarding, bidding was hesitant on most lines of breeding ewes, with agents quoting best 2014-drop ewes as fully firm while secondary types were $15-$20 cheaper and breeding ewes $8-$10 cheaper.

    Landmark Jamestown’s Don Cullen said the main feature was the quality of wether lambs, which were well-grown and in forward to prime condition, which reflected the feed quality through winter and early spring.

    “Under the circumstances it was a reasonable sale, given the way the season is going, and with harvest started in many areas this affected crowd numbers,” he said.

    Elders Jamestown’s Jack Coleman said the 2015-drop wether lamb portion of the sale was strong with prices for the best lines fully firm, while secondary types were $5-$8 dearer.

    A line of quality 380 April/May 2015-drop, August-shorn lambs from Waddikee farmers TG&AM Woolford, as part of their complete flock dispersal, reached a top of $91. These lambs were bought by the trade.

    A draft of 320 September-shorn, Lines Gum Hill-blood wether lambs from CS&AM Simpson, Belalie North, sold for $89 while local Jamestown farmers GK&JM Sparks sold 149 August-shorn, Baderloo-blood lambs for $86.

    Other wethers to sell well at $85 included a line of 700 September-shorn lambs from BP&JM Thomas, Peterborough, and 330 Bradfield-blood lambs offered by Jacka Partners, Mannanarie.

    AC Jacka & Sons, Jamestown, sold 380 October-shorn lambs for $84, Bruhn Bros, Riverton, sold 120 lambs at $77 and Georgetown farmers DE&LNE Hansen sold a line of 300 October-shorn crossbred lambs to $96.

    Older wethers sold to strong processor competition, with Elders quoting prices firm to $5 dearer, ranging from $85-$96 on the better quality lines with secondary lines from $65-$79.

    JM Fitzgerald & Co, Quorn, sold 236 1.5-year-old, July-shorn wethers for $96 while DJ,JM&RJ Michael, Carriewerloo, Port Augusta, sold 870 May-shorn, Moorundie Park-blood wethers to $85.

    In the 1.5yo ewe section, N&C Klingner, Crystal Brook, sold a quality line of 195 May/June 2014-drop, September-shorn, Springvale North-blood ewes at $168 to top the market.

    Other drafts of young ewes to sell well included 190 Lines Gum Hill-blood, August-shorn ewes from ID&VJ Hoile, Minlaton, that reached $146, while Peter Stockman, Burra, sold 160 October-shorn ewes for $161.

    Glen Devon Props, Mount Pleasant, offered 460 1.5yo September-shorn ewes which made to $132 and Panaramittee, Yunta, sold 380 Broadoak-blood ewes at $125.

    Auctioneers had to work hard to get bids in the breeding ewes with the trade providing most support.

    Veitch Ag, Warramboo, sold 80 4.5yo White River-blood, February-shorn ewes at $110 to top this category.

    AR&DL Wenske, Kimba, sold 106 2011-drop, October-shorn ewes at $101, while 330 Greenfields-blood ewes from LR&CH Nutt, Black Rock, reached $98 and Kanyanka Props, Carrieton, sold 250 4.5yo ewes for $97.

    The next Jamestown market will be held on November 12.

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  • SE weaner season sees prices surge

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    John and Paula Kilgariff, Kilgariff Cattle Co, and Chay & Merrett’s Owen Merrett, Millicent, bought 221 PCAS-accredited Angus steers, av $1070, for their Bray property, including a draft of 109 February/April-drop steers from Amherst.LAST year’s prices were obliterated as the season’s weaner sales kicked off at the Johnson family’s Amherst, Wittalocka and Moville properties at Willalooka on Thursday.

    The sales attracted 53 registered buyers from as far away as the Central West and Central Tablelands of NSW and Vic’s Wodonga, Leongatha, Bendigo, Yarra Valley and Gippsland regions. There were also plenty of local graziers from the Lower South East, with all buyers looking to secure selections from the large lines of 5-month-old to 7mo Angus, Angus-Black Simmental and Angus-Limousin weaners on offer.

    Heavier steers, weighing 320 kilograms to 350kg, made from $3.10-$3.46/kg, steers 250-320kg made $3.15-$3.56/kg and lighter types less than 250kg made $3.15-$3.55/kg.

    Heifers were also in demand, selling from $2.90-$3.50/kg, and with no bargains to be found, many buyers went home empty-handed, including one buyer looking to fill a live-shipping order.

    The annual blue ribbon feature sale was brought forward a week from last year – the result of another dry finish and below average winter and spring rainfall.

    Across the three properties, 1887 steers sold at an average of $924, with 813 heifers averaging $827. This compared to 2014 results of 1958 steers, av $625, and 463 heifers, av $535.

    Ian and Louise Johnson received the sale’s top price of $1145 or $3.48/kg for Pasturefed Cattle Assurance System-accredited Lancaster Black Simmental, Coolana and Sheraco-blood Angus steers, 329kg, at their Moville property, selling to Everitt, Seeley & Bennetts, Cranbourne, Vic.

    The Johnsons offered 415 European Union and PCAS-accredited steers from their Wittalocka property, topping at $1110, av $888, while the Moville heifer draft sold to $1010, av $833.

    Amherst PCAS steers, 343kg, made to $1120 or $3.26/kg, av $1015.

    The top price for heifers was $1040 or $3.56/kg, paid by Spence Dix & Co a/c SM&NK Mudge, Mallala, for 46 of the Johnson family’s EU and PCAS Angus heifers, Wittalocka and Stoney Point-blood, av 292kg.

    Last year’s volume buyer, Chay & Merrett’s Owen Merrett, Millicent, had a reduced order this year, but still ended the day with a tally of 381, including 109 steers, av $1082, from the top end of the Johnsons’ Amherst offering and steers from the top draft off their Wittalocka property, av $1066.

    Other volume buyers were Wardle & Co, Crystal Brook, with 226, including five Angus-Mandayen Limousin steers, 250kg and 242kg, at $890 or $3.56/kg and $3.67/kg respectively.

    Gippsland’s Fob Livestock a/c Covino Farms, Sale, Vic, bought 539, paying to a top of $990 for 284 Angus heifers – the majority of the Moville heifer draft – to fatten on their Gippsland property, having had an exceptional season this year.

    Guest vendors Ray, Eileen and Nick Clark, Bergan Park, Keith, offered the first pen in the Amherst sale, selling 27 Stoney Point and Roseleigh-blood Angus steers, 352kg, for an equal top of $1120 or $3.18/kg, to regular sale supporter Chris Stanley Livestock, Woori Yallock, Vic.

    The Clark family sold 56 steers, av $1042.50, and 58 heifers to a top of $940, av $895.

    Wayne and Liz Jackson, Yardookra, Willalooka, sold 189 PCAS Angus steers, Coolana and Stoney Point-blood, to $1030, av $925, with their heifers topping at $875, av $819.

    Russell and Marnie Kemp, RMK Pastoral, Willalooka, offered 157 PCAS steers, which sold to $985, av $895, and 168 heifers to $925, av $790.

    Anthony and Tanya Allen, Rockalen Pastoral Co, Willalooka, sold 175 Mandayen Limousin-Angus steers to $950 or $2.93/kg, av $901.

    Auctioneer and SDC director Jono Spence said the record-breaking sale was a far cry from 2006, when the season was last this tight, adding that this year’s high prices had partially diluted his clients’ disappointment with the season.

    He said cattle were magnificently presented and the most even draft offered despite the conditions, recalling many comments from buyers who couldn’t believe the lack of feed in the paddocks.

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  • Upper Hunter serves notice to rival teams

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    UPPER Hunter’s juniorrepresentative cricket teams left Singleton on the back of two wins at the weekend.

    The under-12 and under-14 sides, boasting players from Muswellbrook, Denman, Scone and Aberdeen, ventured to Cook Park with victory on their minds after a disrupted first round.

    And, they achieved theirobjective in convincing fashion.

    In the under-12 fixture, Singleton sent Upper Hunter in to bat first.

    Although the visitors lostwickets at regular intervals, their number three batsman Tommy Dixon stuck in there and went on to make 68 with a beautiful display of batting.

    He was the only player to reach double figures in Upper Hunter’s total of 122.

    Singleton’s Alex Stafa (4-28 off eight overs), Dorian Thornberry (3-21 off five) and Ethan van Zyl (2-29 off eight) all bowled well.

    Having been set a target of 123, the hosts got off to a slow start.

    The Upper Hunter strike bowlers, Jed Collins, Andrew Cooper and Cooper Gageler, took three wickets before Singleton began to dig in.

    Van Zyl top scored with 17 before being caught out, Abbott Stacey and Druery also contributed with the bat.

    Singleton was eventuallydismissed for 65.

    Collins finished with 3-1, and was backed up by Cooper (1-11) and Gageler (1-17).

    Daniel McCamley chipped in with 2-6.

    In the under-14 encounter, Upper Hunter had no hesitation in sending the home team into bat on a damp wicket.

    YOU’RE OUT: Upper Hunter opener Brock Cummings was bowled early in the under-12 encounter at Singleton.

    The hosts were unable to master the conditions and slumped to 3-11 after 12 overs.

    Isaac Barry (13) and Tom Druery (4) both looked in good touch but the innings collapsed further as Singleton lost another four wickets with the score on 25.

    Andrew Knox (13) and Kye Dann (12) then batted intelligently.

    Singleton’s innings finished on 74 in the final over with Ebony Butler unbeaten on three.

    Upper Hunter’s Jack Pennell snared 4-11 while Sam Heaton took 3-8 and Alex McNeill 2-8.

    The home side had to be on top of its game in the field to win this fixture.

    However, with the wicket drying out, the task would be a difficult one.

    Beau Parnell and Jack Shade opened the bowling and both claimed wickets and, at 2-34, the match was still there to be won.

    The Upper Hunter batsmenthen knuckled down and batted beautifully as they punished any wayward bowling.

    Bailey Miller remainedunbeaten on 41 while McNeill was 21 not out.

    In the end, it was the visitors who prevailed as they chased down the target in the 16th over without losing any more wickets.

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  • Tyler’s dream to win Indigenous award come true

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    ALL SMILES: Maitland High School student Tyler Fleischmann wins a treasured award. Picture by JOSH CALLINANMaitland High School student Tyler Fleischmann had his heart set on this award for quite some time.

    His friends had picked it up the previous two years – Dean Ayscough in 2014 and Cedric Kennedy 12 months earlier – and Fleishmann wanted to follow in their footsteps.

    On Friday he took centre stage at the school’s annual sports presentation, taking out the Indigenous Sportstar of the Yearsponsored by Mindaribba Local Aboriginal Land Council.

    “I’ve always had my eye on this award,” the 15-year-old from Allandale said.

    “My mates had won it before me and last year I was very close.

    “I have a lot of pride in my tribe, my clan and my country and this means a lot to me.”

    Fleishmann is a talented all-round sportsman who loves rugby league and surfing.

    Last month he contested the annual Indigenous Knockout at Dubbo with Maitland United, captaining the under-15 side and playing up in the under 17s as well.

    He is also the five-eighth for West Maitland under 16s, who won their third straight Hunter Valley Schoolboys grand final this year.

    Earlier this year Fleischmann finished ­second to older brother Ace in the Indigenous junior section of Newcastle’s Surfest.

    Other award winners from Maitland High in 2015 included rugby league player Brock Chesworth (sportstar of the year), Claudia Jackson (special education sport), Julia Millburn (services to sport), Sara Fairlie (Proctor Scholarship) and Mel Jones (coach of the year).

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  • Umpire gets back on his feet

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    NEWCASTLE umpire Michael Connolly said two heart attacks and 10 days in a coma would not stop him returning to the middle next season.

    Connolly almost died on his 49th birthday on September 18 when a three-month bout of pneumonia escalated dramatically.

    He was admitted to Belmont Hospital but was moved to John Hunter Hospital when his condition worsened.

    Connolly suffered his first heart attack in the ambulance between hospitals and was revived by paramedics.

    He suffered a second heart attack 24 hours later.

    Connolly said he survived only because the heart attacks occurred while he was in medical care.

    “If I’d had a heart attack beforehand, I wouldn’t have been able to access the specialist treatment, so I was very lucky,” Connolly said.

    Connolly’s kidney and liver then started to fail through a lack of blood and oxygen as he went into a drug-induced coma for 10 days.

    “They’re all up and running now, thankfully,” he said.

    “I’m probably feeling better now than I have for the past six months.

    “It’s a long and slow process. There will never be a full recovery and I’m on plenty of medication and getting stronger as each day goes by.”

    Connolly returned to work part-time at Beresfield’s Reliable Conveyor Belt on Monday, and he hopes to resume full-time duties in two weeks.

    He visited Kahibah Oval and Hawkins Oval on Saturday to watch his first cricket matches since the heart attacks.

    “I’m missing cricket dearly, especially when you wake up on a fine Saturday morning,” he said. “More than likely I won’t be back this season and I’ll concentrate on getting back next year.”

    Connolly joined the umpiring ranks in 1989-90 and has stood in six Tom Locker Cup finals and five two-day deciders.

    Bruce Muddle has been acting Newcastle District Umpires Association secretary in Connolly’s absence and is likely to continue in the role this season.

    Umpires are not generally the most liked figures in cricket, but Connolly has always been a popular figure in the game and a renowned gentleman.

    Since his illness he has been overwhelmed by the support from the cricket community.

    “Between work and especially cricket, I’ve been getting many calls from our umpires and many players have also rung me up. It’s been really special, and it just aids in your confidence and recovery.”

  • McVey wins quick call-up to Newcastle rep squad

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    Jack McVey has earned a place in the Newcastle representative side. Picture: Simone De PeakWHEN Jack McVey was a teenager, the greyhound track appealed more than terrorising opening batsmen.

    Just five summers after returning to cricket, a sport he largely neglected in high school, the Stockton-Raymond Terrace quick is part of a vastly inexperienced Newcastle attack for the NSW Country Championships starting on Friday week.

    Plenty of people in Newcastle district cricket were asking “Jack who” when the squad was announced last week for the championships in Gunnedah.

    However, McVey’s representative debut last summer for Central North against Newcastle in Ballina earned him admirers in NSW Country stalwarts Simon Moore and Mark Littlewood. In a spell of 2-29 in eight overs, the Tamworth product dismissed Moore and fellow Bush Blues batsman Greg Hunt.

    The performance also convinced former Stockton skipper Nick Foster to lure McVey to Lynn Oval when he left Tamworth to take up a teaching job at Hunter Valley Grammar school.

    “I consider myself pretty lucky,” McVey said. “It’s a really good opportunity which I didn’t think would come this early, and now I’ve got to take it.”

    After playing cricket in primary school, McVey gave the sport away to race and train greyhounds with his father.

    “I got back into cricket late in high school. I missed all the junior rep teams.

    “We mucked around in Gunnedah and on local tracks. It was bit of fun and a hobby which I really enjoyed.”

    Without experienced campaigners Mark Cameron, Daniel McLauchlan, Luke Bird and Mitchell Claydon, there will be pressure on McVey.

    “It’s good pressure, though,” he said.

    “There’s an expectation that batters will score runs and the bowlers will take wickets.

    “It’s about hitting your spots.”

  • Hot October, dry winter leads to continued water shortage in WA dams

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    Perth’s warm start to spring has impacted on dam levels. Photo: Candice BarnesWatercorp says there is continued trend of less water going into WA’s dams, which are now holding less than three quarters of the water they did last year.

    Inflow to Perth’s dams is currently 11.4 billion litres for the year, a huge drop from last year’s 72 billion litres, and a minuscule 3.4 per cent of the pre-1975 average.

    This comes after only 458 millimetres of rainfall this winter, compared to last year’s 618mm, with the Bureau of Meteorology recording this October as the hottest on historical record.

    A spokesperson for Watercorp said this year marked the lowest inflow of water to WA dams on record ever.

    “We’re not in a water crisis. But what we are seeing is, coupled with a decrease in inflow, we’ve got a massive spike in use,” she said.

    “In summer Perth uses about 1 billion litres everyday.

    “Luckily we have other sources of water – desalination and groundwater replenishment – so we should be fine.”

    The Stirling Dam, which supplies water to the metropolitan area, has been particularly hard hit, dropping from 42 gigalitres in 2014 to just 14 gigalitres.

    Mundaring Weir is also down to just 37.7 per cent capacity, where last year the dam was more than 40 per cent full. This is despite the Mundaring water level being artificially maintained by Watercorp, to supply the Goldfields agricultural region.

    According to a report from the Federal Government’s Department of Environment, Perth is likely to be the city most severely impacted by climate change-based water shortages in Australia.

    It attributed the 15 per cent decline in rainfall in WA’s South West to greenhouse gas from “human activities”.

    The report concluded that if current trends continued the South West would potentially experience 80 per cent more drought months by 2070.

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  • Winter in Europe things to do and see

    Date: 2020.04.25 | Category: 老域名 | Response: 0

    Winter wonderland: Salzberg, Austria. Winter wonderland: Salzberg, Austria.

    Winter wonderland: Salzberg, Austria.

    Winter wonderland: Salzberg, Austria.



    Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum and the Van Gogh Museum, Cologne Cathedral, Schloss Nymphenburg​ and the Residenzmuseum​ in Munich, Kaiserburg​ Castle in Nuremburg and Hohensalzburg​ Castle in Salzburg all rate as highlights on your itinerary, but you can find plenty more wonderful advice on each of these cities if you go to the Traveller website (traveller老域名出售备案老域名) or the Lonely Planet website lonelyplanet老域名出售 and key in your destinations in the search box. You could also go to the national tourism websites for Germany, the Netherlands and Austria and find more of the same.

    It’s going to be seriously cold, between minus 5 and 2 degrees in Salzburg and only slightly warmer in Amsterdam. Typically in northern Europe, you’ll be going from freezing temperatures outdoors to overheated interiors, frantically shucking off clothes in restaurants and shops. It makes sense therefore to dress in layers, with a bottom thermal layer, shirt and trousers, jumper or fleece and a coat or parka on top. Wool is my favourite but no matter how many clothes I take I’m always caught napping by how cold it is in Europe and I end up buying more. If this happens to you, January should be a great time to buy, with sales of winter gear and smart and desirable fashions that you won’t see back home.

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